Maruti Suzuki’s electric car for the masses takes shape
The first electric car from India’s major car builder is taking shape. Here’s how Maruti is building headway in the exciting but unknown arena of electric vehicles. Maruti Suzuki is set to launch its first electric vehicle in India in 2020. With over 50 % market share, of which over 75% are small cars, Maruti knows that it wants to make a reasonable and functional electric car. How does the market leader plan to make this happen? A candid chat with RC Bhargava, Chairman, Maruti Suzuki provided some answers.
Back in the 1980s, Maruti Suzuki did something very strange for a public-sector undertaking – they asked the people what they wanted. A market survey was the tool that helped pick the Maruti 800 and the Omni as the correct products for India. To make sense of things, Maruti will undertake a three-four week market survey to collect data on how potential electric car owners will use their cars. Where they park their cars, their commute and travel cycles, the type of places they visit and the electric infrastructure around them will be crucial before people put their money into electric cars, and the same data can help optimize the proposed all-electric car.
When it comes to charging time, how much is too much? When it comes to range, how much is enough? While the survey will help Maruti understand the key requirements and concerns, they know that they will have to build more than just a car. Maruti does plan to set up some charging stations, but their locations and the cost to owners for charging/parking will be decided based on the results of the survey and support from the Government and private players in the electricity generation/distribution industry. Maruti intends to setup charging stations on highways to extend the usability of EVs.
Also, there will be a concerted effort towards the handling of end-of-life batteries. These can then be redeployed in other applications. Also, Maruti will look into disposing of batteries responsibly. While electric powertrains and batteries could become cheaper by 2020, Maruti knows that it is cooler to competitively price a larger car like a sedan/ SUV than a hatchback. Maruti is taking all steps to make sure it can lower manufacturing, and the costs to the user, by aggressively adopting localization for all parts. The electric powertrain technology will be borrowed from parent company Suzuki and its partner Toyota. Most importantly, the battery pack for the car will be sourced from the plant Suzuki is setting up in Gujarat. This plant, set up in collaboration with Toshiba and Denso, will be the first of its kind lithium-ion battery manufacturing facility in India. With the most expensive parts being made in India and mating them with the modified chassis of an existing car in its lineup, Maruti could offer a very competitively priced all-electric compact-SUV/sedan by 2020.
There are daunting tasks that the Government of India and the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM) manufacturers have been setting for themselves in terms of adopting greener transport solutions. India is expected to grow exponentially in the coming years and its commitment to do so while being environmentally responsible has made sure electric vehicles constitute 40 per cent of all cars on the road by 2030, or complete electrification of all road transport by 2047. While this could shake up the established pecking order, Maruti is trying to use its first mover advantage and stay ahead of the curve – just like it did over two decades ago.